Trieste

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Trieste is the capital of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region in northeastern Italy. The port city is located in the narrow strip of land between the Adriatic coast and the Karst on the border with Slovenia.

Trieste has been a university city since 1924 and is home to two well-known observatories for astronomy and for geophysics, respectively. It is the headquarters of global companies such as the coffee producer illycaffè, the insurance company Generali, the shipbuilding company Fincantieri and the shipping company Italia Marittima.

As early as 774, Trieste became part of the Frankish Empire, of which Trieste remained a part, with brief interruptions, for almost 1000 years until its fall in 1806. From 1382 to 1918, Trieste was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, or Austria-Hungary. It was both its most important commercial port and one of the bases of the Imperial and Royal Navy.

Culturally and historically, Trieste, even as part of Italy since 1918, remained a place of encounter of cultures, languages, ethnicities and religions. After the end of the war in 1945, the city and its mixed-language hinterland were successfully claimed by Yugoslavia; after an interlude as the Free Territory of Trieste, Trieste was once again subject to the Italian state from 1954.

Today, as before 1918, Trieste, with its deep-water port, is a maritime gateway for northern Italy, Germany, Austria and central Europe, and is considered the terminus of the maritime Silk Road, with its connections via the Suez Canal or Turkey and the overland route to China, Japan and many countries in Asia.

Since the 1960s, Trieste has been one of the most important research centers in Europe due to its many international organizations and institutions, an international school and University City, and has one of the highest standards of living among Italian cities.

Trieste has a very long coastline, free sea access in Barcola and is surrounded by grassland, wooded and karstic areas. Trieste is also the Città della Barcolana, as the signs at the city entrances make clear and thus the annual venue of this world’s largest sailing regatta.

Trieste is located at an intersection of Latin, Slavic, Greek and Jewish cultures and has often been called an early New York because of its diverse ethnic and religious communities. There are also other national and international names for the city, such as Trieste città della bora, Città del vento, Trieste città mitteleuropea, Trieste città della scienza – City of Science, City of the Three Winds, Vienna by the Sea or City of Coffee, in which individual defining characteristics are highlighted.

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