Castello di Miramare
Castello di Miramare is situated on a rocky cliff in the bay of Grignano, about five kilometres northwest of the Italian port of Trieste.
The castle was built between 1856 and 1860 for Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria, the brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and his wife Charlotte of Belgium.
The castle and its interior, as well as the surrounding park, were built in accordance with the Archduke’s detailed instructions and ideas and in many areas reflect Maximilian’s great love of the sea.
The name Miramare is based on the Italian/Spanish expressions Mira (from the verb mirar, to look at or look at) and Mare (sea in Italian) and means sea view.
The interior was not finished until 1870, after the death of Ferdinand Maximilian.
Since 1955, the castle is open to the public as a state museum.
Parco di Miramare
Besides the castle, the extensive gardens surrounding it are also famous. The park extends over 22 hectares on an originally barren rocky promontory. Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian wanted to transform this bare rock hill into a garden and botanical research institute.
According to his wish, the park was above all to become a place of meditation, where nature and art would merge harmoniously. For this reason, one part of the park was designed as an Italian garden, the other as an English park.
Castelletto di Miramare
In the park there is the Castelletto, which was intended as the couple’s residence during the construction of the castle and was later used as a garden house.
Today, the WWF nature conservation organisation is located in the rooms of the castle.